TFIIB

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The transcription factor TFIIB plays a central role in preinitiation complex assembly, providing a bridge between promoter-bound TFIID and RNA Polymerase II. TFIIB possesses sequence-specific DNA-binding ability and interacts with the TFIIB-recognition element (BRE), present in many promoters. Here we show that the BRE suppresses the basal level of transcription elicited by a core promoter, which increases the amplitude of transcriptional stimulation in the presence of an activator protein. Further, we find that an activator can disrupt the TFIIB–BRE interaction within a promoter-bound complex. Our results reveal a novel function for activators in the modulation of core promoter recognition by TFIIB.[1]

Bibliography
1. Activator-mediated disruption of sequence-specific DNA contacts by the general transcription factor TFIIB GenesDev

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